A recent study suggests that a more comprehensive approach to treatment could benefit adults with autism. While the cognitive deficiencies experienced by people with autism are well-known, treatment options have traditionally focused on children. However, the new research provides insight into how to better address the needs of adults with autism. The study, conducted by researchers from the Seaver Autism Center at Mount Sinai in New York, examined 75 peer-reviewed studies to compare cognitive impairment in individuals with and without autism. The results support existing social cognitive theories of autism treatment but also emphasize the importance of addressing non-social cognitive domains in interventions. These findings could have important implications for improving cognitive interventions for adults with autism.